A recent survey by global analytics software firm FICO has revealed that only 18% of Asia Pacific (APAC) banks have a strategic plan to fully integrate their fraud and anti-money laundering (AML) compliance functions, even though 71% say that convergence will improve the ability to stop fraud and financial crimes.
This puts their planning efforts significantly behind that of their Western peers in the United Kingdom and the United States. In an earlier survey commissioned by FICO in 2019, 24% of US banks and 47% of UK banks had strategic plans to fully integrate functions. FICO estimates that 80% of the functionality to do fraud checks and AML checks on a new account opening is the same.
FICO surveyed 45 executives from financial institutions across the region at its annual FICO Asia Pacific Fraud Forum held in Singapore.
Most Asia Pacific banks (38%) are instead actively looking at a more tactical approach, actively sharing resources where synergies exist. Examples of this being the sharing of data, controls or staff. Just 12% of banks in both the US and UK said they were pursuing this approach.
“What we are seeing in the Asia Pacific is most likely the fast-follower mentality coming through,” said Timothy Choon, FICO’s Compliance Lead in the Asia Pacific. “Many banks in the region are closely watching those who are making the change overseas to see what lessons they can learn from first-movers before embarking on a similar program of change.”
When asked about current levels of integration, most banks in APAC admitted they currently had siloed operations. In terms of which areas currently operated separately or had low levels of collaboration, 95% nominated controls, 94% detection systems and 91% investigative systems.
In contrast, 82% of banks in the UK reported either full integration or a high level of collaboration for detection systems and 76% for controls.
Fraud and AML compliance
“Overseas banks have moved to convergence sooner in response to new criminal threats and punishing fines,” said Choon. “The same is happening in the Asia Pacific but the pace has been slower due to different regulations, lower losses, and a more fragmented market. The historical legacy of separate departments and leadership is also a factor, as there has been more change at the top overseas, which hastens the integration process.”
Only 8% of APAC banks have fraud and AML compliance functions reporting into the same business executive. This remains very low when compared to the US where about a quarter of banks have just the one leader or European banks where 37% have integrated the functions under one manager.
“While the vast majority of banks in the Asia Pacific understand the benefits of integrating their financial crime functions, they are not currently as integrated as banks in other countries and don’t intend to integrate as tightly,” explained Choon. “Their timescales to achieve their plans are ambitious, however, so in addition to watching for the best practices of the first-movers, they will also need to adopt the best of the new breed of technologies that have been developed to work across fraud and financial crime.”