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IBM to open first quantum data center in Europe

IBM, a multinational technology company, is further exploring quantum computing with the opening of a quantum data center outside the United States.

Located at the IBM facility in Ehningen, Germany, the quantum data center is set to be available for cloud access in 2024.

Along with the quantum data center, IBM is also developing a new software integration layer, a multichannel scheduler, that would enable them to deepen research on cloud-based quantum computing in different locations and channels or partners.

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Recently, IBM announced its partnerships with the University of Tokyo and the University of Chicago in building the first 100,000 qubit quantum computer.

The multichannel scheduler

IBM explained that “the multichannel scheduler is a layer that sits between the user, their cloud services, and the quantum data centers. It serves to facilitate user access to multi-region computing that uses the IBM Qiskit Runtime primitives to run quantum programs — with the advantage of incorporating quantum resources from different regions depending on their needs or constraints, such as data sovereignty.”

IBM is hoping to enable cross-border collaborations among quantum regions, which will allow them to employ classical services to run some of our middleware for quantum tools. The multichannel scheduler communicates with each of these channels while routing quantum workflows to the appropriate geographies.

“The multichannel scheduler is especially important for users concerned about where their data is stored and processed,” IBM said. “It starts the journey towards quantum computation as a stateless service, where the data ownership remains with our users. With the European IBM Quantum data center, the client can ensure their data is handled and processed solely in Europe.”

The multichannel scheduler will allow for the use of IBM Quantum systems in both the US quantum data center as well as the new European quantum data center regardless of where they’re submitting code from. Users in Europe can continue exploring early prototype systems provided only in the US data center and, when ready, to apply those lessons learned to Europe-only systems.